Cañada de la Virgen Pyramids

All four of us awoke on Sunday with a feeling of excitement in the air. We were going on a tour of Cañada de la Virgen pyramid and archaeological zone with Coyote Canyon Adventures about 25 kilometers west of San Miguel de Allende in the Laja River Valley. The morning was unusually cloudy and foggy as we walked to meet the van that would take ten of us out to the pyramids, about a 30-minute drive.

Alberto Aveleyra , our guide and an anthropolist as well, drove the van to the visitor’s center, telling us about the site on the way. Cañada de la Virgen is an unusual archeological site, a public national site in the midst of private land. How did that happen? The story goes ——

In the 1990s, a German woman, descendant of steel producers during WWII, acquired an 18,000-acre ex-hacienda in the valley west of San Miguel. The story of Cañada de la Virgen’s 1998 “discovery” is that a cowboy rode to the top of a “mound” to look for his cattle from a higher vantage point. His horse found solid footing as it stepped up this mound, which turned out to be the pyramid’s stairs, buried under many feet of dirt and overgrown vegetation. The Mexican government then acquired the 40 acres that includes Cañada de la Virgen and official excavation began in 2002. Public access through the private property to the pyramids was negotiated and visitors began arriving in 2011. To accommodate this private/public arrangement, visitors ride a shuttle bus (aka van) from the visitors’ center to a drop-off location near the site.

The view through the van’s windows. This is the road that runs though the private property, a ranch.

Sam, Al, Alberto, and  Kayda, before we began the upward trek.

From the drop-off point, it is a 30-minute uphill walk along a road, of sorts, and then through a gate.

That would be the path we walked up to the pyramids.

Horses grazing on the hills, a reminder that this is also a ranch.

On our way up.

A stop for a rest and a lesson from Alberto.
Looking backwards at that road.

It was the dry season, but the cactus, shrubs, and scrub trees are doing ok.

Cañada de la Virgen sits upon a small mesa ( a small plateau) surrounded by canyons.  The site was built by the Otomí Indians and occupied between 540 and 1050 A.D.  There are three main architectural complexes on the site as well as what has been determined to be ceremonial spaces, residences, and burial grounds.

Alberto describes the structures on the site.

Cañada de la Virgen is not as famous or grand as most of the Mayan and Aztec archeological sites in Latin America, but because of its unusual joint public/private ownership, it is much quieter and tranquil. The number of tours and visitors are limited to respect (or because of) the private ranch land that surrounds the site. Our little group of ten was nearly alone the entire time.

It was quite a thrill to finally see the pyramid. Truly awe inspiring.

The first set of steep stairs.

This internet photo shows the design of the pyramid complex better. This main structure is known as “House of the Thirteen Heavens.”

 

Standing at the top of those steps, we were actually standing on a wall that rims an inner flat area that may have been an arena or ceremonial place.

 

 

 

We stood on the top of the wall and looked across at the pyramid, “House of the Thirteen Heavens.” Relox Cosmico, the cosmic clock, is another name.

A look back at the grove we had walked through to reach here.

WooHoo! We made it this far.

We very carefully stepped down these stone stairs to the level area inside. Alberto continued the stories of the Otomi and the history of the site.

We walked across the length of the ceremonial grounds to the next set of steps. Steeper yet ….

At the top, turning around to look back.

Top – Here at the top of the pyramid is a sitting area made of stone.
Bottom – One can see the “Red Temple” through a small opening in the wall up here. The faint red and black painted bands can still be seen, if you know to look. I forget the purpose of this small hidden space. Meditation? Burial?

The view from here at the top in the other direction.

From the vantage point of the House of the Thirteen Heavens, it was possible to see the other structures —

“House of the Longest Night”

House of the Longest Night, a ground level view.

“House of the Winds”

Amazing circular patterns of the House of Winds and around it.

Albert was an excellent guide. He told us so much, but I have forgotten most of it by now. 🙁   The Otomi Indians were devoted sky watchers and used their astronomical knowledge to form their religious beliefs and govern their society, passing the information down through generations. The pyramid and structures are situated and designed to align with movements of the moon, and especially the sun’s position on the equinoxes and solstices.  For example, “the site faces the celestial north, where the stars spin around in a circle throughout the year. The moon moves up the stairs of the pyramid as its cycle advances. It rises and falls perfectly in pyramid notches at key times in the lunar calendar and during solstice periods it turns out that the planets are lined up as well.” (Wikipedia) 

A lot of walking and a lot of climbing, but we were all thrilled to be there.

The day was not over yet. We walked back down the path to meet the van and return to the visitors center.

The horses joined us for our return journey.

From there we were treated to one of the bumpiest rides ever. The van drove us to a ranch for lunch, included with the tour.

The “ranch” was a small brick home with a covered patio where a long table was set for lunch.

The horses were sheltered just a short distance from the patio.

Our lunch was a “ranch style meal”, consisting of fresh tortillas en el comal, rice, beans, scrambled eggs, fresh salsas, guacamole, and freshly made cheese, quesadillas, salad, and potatoes.

We all sat together and enjoyed a lovely lunch.

 

This symbol seemed to be important to Cañada de la Virgen, but I don’t what it represented. I saw it on a map and a sign (and took a photo), but there was no explanation. Just thought it was an interesting design.

 

To walk around a place as old as Cañada de la Virgen was fascinating. To see grand structures that were built only by human hands and learn about an indigenous society with an advanced understanding and use of the interplay between agriculture, astronomy and architecture is remarkable. I have enormous respect for a society that was able to live in harmony with nature.

 

 

 

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